You read at home now what? Students in the early years are reading to read; and developing a deep level of literature both with fiction and non fiction. However as they move into second, and third grade, and higher they are reading to learn and are required to deepen their comprehension and vocabulary skills through the use of higher order thinking strategies and strategic skill work. These are tools that can enhance your at home reading experience with your child. Encourage Your Child's Vocabulary Development and Reading Comprehension Skills: 1.Vocabulary Development: Noticing new words while you and your child read along with discussing the word definition and meaning is an easy and vital strategy to support your child with reading at home. Research shows it takes a child 4-12 times of hearing a new word before it can become a part of a child's vocabulary. So you will want to use that vocabulary term throughout the day with regular conversations so they can begin using that word. As you read to your child as well as having your child read to you; be sure to stop and evaluate words. Ask your child what different words mean. This will get your child in the habit of making sure they think of word definitions and how it pertains within the story. Taking note of word meaning; or "Tuning into Words" is critical in helping your child develop his or her reading comprehension skills. Below is a short clip of how to implement vocabulary building skills at home with your child: Please click on the link below: Tuning into new words in your child's story: Vocabulary Development Video
Improving Reading Comprehension: Here are six tips to improve reading comprehension in our emerging readers:
1. Providing the right kinds of books. Make sure your child gets lots of practice reading books that are not too hard. They should recognize at least 90 percent of the words without any help. Stopping any more often than that to figure out or decode a word impacts the overall meaning of the story. 2. Reread to build fluency. To gain meaning from text and encourage reading comprehension, your child needs to read quickly and smoothly-a skill known as Fluency. By the beginning of 3rd grade your child should be able to read 90 words per minute or greater. Rereading familiar, simple books gives your child practice at decoding words quickly which will assist in their reading comprehension. 3. Questioning: When readers question the text before, during, and after they read, they attend more closely to the text, clarifying meaning, making predictions, and focusing their attention on the key details of the story.
Before Reading Questions: -What do you think will happen? What will happen next? -Why do you think . . . . .? -Preview the book for any unfamiliar words that you might need to explain the definition before hand to aid in understanding. During Reading Questions: -What do you wonder about this part? -Encourage your child to make predictions and summarize what they have read so far. After Reading Questions: -I wonder why they author. . ? -What is the lesson the author was trying to teach you. . ? -Inferring questions such as: Why did you think that happened? Why do you think the character feels that way? And then prompting them to include key details saying "Tell me more" are important in helping your child think beyond what is read and drawing those deeper conclusions with their texts.
Below is a short clip of how to incorporate these comprehension strategies at home with your child: This video uses a familiar story "The Three Little Pigs" that the reading teacher will read and prompt with key questions. Please click on the link below: Comprehension Strategies for at home reading
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